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Sample Graduate Aptitude Test Questions
 
VERBAL ABILITY
Sentence Completion:
Given below is a sentence with blanks, indicating that a part of the sentence is missing. The sentence is followed by five answer choices that consist of words. Select the answer choice that best completes the sentence.
 
  1. The purpose of the proposed indemnity policy is to __________ the burden of medical costs, thereby removing what is for many people a major __________ medical care.
    1. augment… problem with
    2. eliminate…perquisite of
    3. ameliorate… study of
    4. assuage…impediment to
    5. clarify…explanation for
Analogy:
Given below is a pair of words separated by a colon and followed by five answer choices. Choose the pair of the words in the answer choices that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.
 
  1. EXCERPT : NOVEL ::
    1. CRITIQUE : PLAY
    2. REVIEW : MANUSCRIPT
    3. SWATCH : CLOTH
    4. FOREWORD : PREFACE
    5. RECITAL : PERFORMANCE
 
Reading Comprehension:
Here is a passage. At the end of the passage is a series of questions followed by answer choices. Read the passage carefully. Select the right answer to each question from among the options provided. Answers are based on the contents of the passage or on what the author implies in the passage.
 
Passage for Questions 3 and 4:
Sociologist’s predicted this situation many years ago: “General prosperity in a country under a capitalist regime depends not on the amount of wealth within the country, but on its ability to dispose of its surplus wealth.” Hence when all countries are fully capitalized and there are fields for exploitation, no country will be able to dispose of its surplus wealth. The capitalist system will, automatically crack. Capitalism, therefore, contains within itself the seeds of it to replace the profit – making motive industry with the motive of service. Things are valuable in use, not merely in exchange as the capitalist thinks.

Socialism differs from Communism in that is a tendency not a body of dogmas. There is no authoritative statement of its ideals upon which all are agreed and it is possible for many who do not call themselves sociologists to sympathize with some of their principles. Whether under such conditions the theories can be put to practice is a policy of advocating the ownership and control of the means of production. It seeks to balance a rigid discipline in what affects the individual himself. It admits Mill’s distinction between self – seeking and other – regarding actions, but it claims that Mill’s miss – stated the problem by under estimating the part played by economists. The main aim of Socialism is the creation of equality, because it holds that liberty is not worth having without the security and equality it provides.
 
  1. It is possible to infer from the passage that capitalism may be eradicated
    1. when the exploited proletariat rise in revolt
    2. only if socialism is ushered in
    3. when global Capitalism reaches its saturation point
    4. when people become spiritually inclined
    5. when there are no desires
  2. 4. The postulate of Socialism as opposed to that of Capitalism is
    1. that all men must enjoy unbridled liberty
    2. individual happiness and social well-being must necessarily be mutually exclusive
    3. surplus wealth should be siphoned off in the form of increased wages for the working class
    4. production of all goods should serve the purpose of social utility
    5. all men should live in a state of bliss
 
Antonyms:
Given below is a word. Each word is followed by five words or phrases. Choose the word that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the word in capital letters. Since some of the questions require you to distinguish fine shades of meaning, be sure to consider all the choices before deciding which one is best.
 
  1. ADULATION :
    1. IGNORANCE
    2. UNCONCERN
    3. DISSUASION
    4. CONTEMPT
    5. PASSIVITY
 
QUANTITATIVE ABILITY
Discrete Quantitative:
This series consists of a set of problems. Each problem is followed by a set of five options. Read the problem carefully and select the most appropriate answer from among the options provided.
 
  1. In an examination, 70% students passed in Science and 65% passed in Social Studies. 27% of the students failed in both the subjects. If only 292 students passed in both the subjects, the total number of students appearing for the examination was
    1. 400
    2. 70
    3. 600
    4. 300
    5. None of the above
  2. In the college election a candidate secured 62% of the votes and was elected by a majority of 144 votes. The total number of votes polled is
    1. 500
    2. 600
    3. 300
    4. 200
    5. None of the above
 
Quantitative Comparison:
The following set of questions comprises two columns - column A and column B. Compare the two quantities indicated and answer the question that follows. The correct answer is one among the five options provided.

NOTE: Sometimes information about one or both quantities is centered above the two columns. If the same symbol appears in both columns, it represents the same thing each time.
 
  1. Quantity A = (9/13)2 Quantity B = (9/13)1/2
    1. Quantity A is greater
    2. Quantity B is greater
    3. Quantity A equals Quantity B
    4. Relationship Indeterminate
    5. None of the above
  2. Quantity A = (1/25)1/2 + (1/144)1/2 Quantity B = [(1/25) + (1/144)]1/2
    1. Quantity A is greater
    2. Quantity B is greater
    3. Quantity A equals Quantity B
    4. Relationship Indeterminate
    5. None of the above
  3. y2 + z2 = 34 and yz = 15
    Quantity A = y2 + 2yz + z2 Quantity B = (y + z)2
    1. Quantity A is greater
    2. Quantity B is greater
    3. Quantity A equals Quantity B
    4. Relationship Indeterminate
    5. None of the above

    Sets, Relations and Functions

  4. Two finite sets have ‘m’ and ‘n’ elements respectively. The total number of subsets of ‘m’ is 56 more than the total number of subsets of ‘n’. The values of ‘m’ and ‘n’are respectively,

    (a) 7,6 (b) 6,3 (c) 5,1 (d) 8,7 (e) 2,5

  5. Let L denote the set of all straight lines in a plane. Let a relation R be defined by
    a R b Û a ^ b for a,b Î L. The relation R is
    (a) reflexive
    (b) symmetric
    (c) transitive
    (d)equivalence
    (e)none of these

  6. If a function F is such that F ( 0 ) = 2, F (1) = 3 and F ( x + 2 ) = 2 F (x) – F ( x + 1 ) for x ³ 0, then F (5) is equal to

    (a) –7 (b) -3 (c) 17 (d) 13 (e) none of these

 
ANALYTICAL & REASONING ABILITY
In this section, each set of questions is based on a short passage or a set of conditions. Sometimes, in answering these questions, you might want to make a table or diagram. For each question, choose the best answer from the five choices listed.
 
Passage for Questions 1 and 2
As president of the National Association of Rubber Manufactures, I oppose government handouts to private businesses. But the present program of aid to the Rubber Industry must continue. This is not a handout but rather a system of moderate cash subsidies to enable our beleaguered industry to withstand the shocks of rising costs and high interest rates, and so continue to provide useful employment to thousands of Indian citizens.
 
  1. The major logical weakness of the argument above is the fact that -
    1. The speaker is arguing against his own personal interest.
    2. It makes no attempt to explain the ultimate causes of rising costs and high interest rates.
    3. It draws no meaningful distinction between handouts and subsidies.
    4. It does not explain the significance of the Widget Industry for the Indian economy as a whole.
    5. It offers no factual evidence to substantiate the claim that the rubber industry is in danger.
  2. Which of the following persons would be most likely to disagree with the conclusions reached in the above argument?
    1. The president of a medium-sized Rubber Manufacturing firm.
    2. The patentee of a new material designed to make the rubber obsolete.
    3. The district administrator charged with coordinating the Rubber Industry subsidy program.
    4. A government representative from a district containing several large rubber manufacturing plants.
    5. The president of the National Rubber Industry Employees’ Union.
 
Passage for Questions 3 to 5
An office manager must assign offices to six staff members. The available offices, numbered 1 to 6 consecutively, are arranged in a row, and are separated only by six-foot-high dividers. Therefore, voices, sounds, and cigarette smoke readily pass from each office to those on either side.

Priya’s work requires her to speak on the telephone frequently throughout the day.
Anand and Dev often talk to one another in their work, and prefer to have adjacent offices.
Sneha, the senior employee, is entitled to Office 5, which has the largest window.
Mridul needs silence in the office(s) adjacent to his own.
Naveen, Anand, and Rahul all smoke. Sneha is allergic to tobacco smoke and must have nonsmokers in the office(s) adjacent to her own.
Unless otherwise specified, all employees maintain silence while in their offices.
 
  1. The best employee to occupy the office furtherest from Dev would be
    1. Naveen
    2. Priya
    3. Sneha
    4. Rahul
    5. Anand
  2. The three employees who smoke should be placed on Offices
    1. 1, 2, and 3
    2. 1, 2, and 4
    3. 1, 2, and 6
    4. 2, 3, and 4
    5. 2, 3, and 6
  3. Which of the following events, occurring one month after the assignment of offices, would be most likely to lead to a request for a change in office assignment by one or more employees?
    1. Priya deciding that she needs silence in the office(s) adjacent to her own
    2. Dev contracting laryngitis.
    3. Rahul giving up smoking
    4. Naveen taking over the duties formerly assigned to Miss Braun.
    5. Sneha installing a noisy teletype machine in her office.
 
VERBAL ABILITY
Sentence Completion:
Given below is a sentence with blanks, indicating that a part of the sentence is missing. The sentence is followed by five answer choices that consist of words. Select the answer choice that best completes the sentence.
  1. One of the most productive research __________ in contemporary neuro-psychological science is devoted to _________ maps of human consciousness.
    1. A) trajectories...reconnoitring
    2. designs...enunciating
    3. paradigms...elucidating
    4. declinations...conjugating
    5. declensions...obfuscating
 
Analogy:
Given below is a pair of words separated by a colon and followed by five answer choices. Choose the pair of the words in the answer choices that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.
 
  1. NOCTURNAL : DIURNAL ::
    1. NIGHTLY : DAILY
    2. DARK : LIGHT
    3. BLACK : WHITE
    4. SUNSET : SUNRISE
    5. OPALESCENT : IRIDESCENT
 
Reading Comprehension:
Here is a passage. At the end of the passage is a series of questions followed by answer choices. Read the passage carefully. Select the right answer to each question from among the options provided. Answers are based on the contents of the passage or on what the author implies in the passage.
Passage for Questions 3 and 4
The history of homosapiens dates back at least to the Triassic time. Development was retarded, however, until the sudden acceleration of evolutionary change that occurred in the oldest Paleocene. This led in Eocene time to an increase in average size, large mental capacity, and special adaptations for different modes of life. In the Oligocene Epoch, there was further improvement, with the appearance of some new lines and extinction of others.
The adaptation of homosapiens to almost all modes of life parallels that of reptiles in Mesozoic time, and except for greater intelligence, the homosapiens do not seem to have done much better than corresponding reptilian forms. The bat is doubtless a better flying animal than the pterosaur, but the dolphin and the whale are more fish like than the ichthyosaurs. Many swift-running homosapiens of the plains, like the horse and the antelope, must excel any of the dinosaurs. The tyranosaur was a more powerful carnivore than any flesh-eating mammal, but the lion or the tiger is probably a more efficient and dangerous beast of prey because of its superior brain. The significant point to observe is that different branches of homosapien gradually fitted themselves with all sorts of life, grazing on the plains and able to run swiftly (horse, deer, bison), living in rivers and swamps (hippopotamus, beaver), dwelling in trees (sloth, monkey), digging underground (mole, rodent), feeding on flesh in the forest (tiger) and on the plain (wolf), swimming in the sea (dolphin, whale, seal) and flying in the air (bat). Man is able by mechanical means to conquer the physical world and to adapt himself to almost any set of conditions.
  1. Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?
    1. From Dinosaur to Man
    2. Adaptation and Extinction
    3. The Superiority of homosapiens
    4. The Geologic Life Span
    5. Man, Conqueror of the Physical World.
  2. It can be inferred from the passage that the pterosaur
    1. Resemble the bat
    2. Was a Mesozoic mammal
    3. Was a flying reptile
    4. Lived in the sea
    5. Evolved during the Miocene period
Antonyms:
Given below is a word. Each word is followed by five words or phrases. Choose the word that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the word in capital letters. Since some of the questions require you to distinguish fine shades of meaning, be sure to consider all the choices before deciding which one is best.
  1. PROPITIOUS :
    1. QUALIFIED
    2. INAUSPICIOUS
    3. PUNGENT
    4. PRAGMATIC
    5. INCHOATE
 
QUANTITATIVE ABILITY
Discrete Quantitative:
This series consists of a set of problems. Each problem is followed by a set of five options. Read the problem carefully and select the most appropriate answer from among the options provided.
  1. 400 mangoes were bought for Rs. 125 per hundred and were sold for a profit of Rs. 100. The selling price per dozen is
    1. Rs. 16
    2. Rs. 18
    3. Rs. 15
    4. Rs. 17
    5. None of the above
  2. The annual income of A is 10% less than that of B whose income is 20% more than C. if the monthly income of C is Rs. 200 what is the total annual income of A, B and C?
    1. Rs. 6,492
    2. Rs. 7,872
    3. Rs. 7,000
    4. Rs. 5,000
    5. None of the above
Quantitative Comparison:
The following set of questions comprises two columns - column A and column B. Compare the two quantities indicated and answer the question that follows. The correct answer is one among the five options provided.

NOTE: Sometimes information about one or both quantities is centered above the two columns. If the same symbol appears in both columns, it represents the same thing each time.
  1. Quantity A = 1.1 Quantity B = (12.1)1/2
    1. Quantity A is greater
    2. Quantity B is greater
    3. Quantity A equals Quantity B
    4. Relationship Indeterminate
    5. None of the above
  2. 100 < y < 200 and 100 < z < 210 Quantity A = y Quantity B = z
    1. Quantity A is greater
    2. Quantity B is greater
    3. Quantity A equals Quantity B
    4. Relationship Indeterminate
    5. None of the above

  3. Quantity A = Measure of angle 1 + Measure of angle 4
    Quantity B = 90o - Measure of angle 2
    1. Quantity A is greater
    2. Quantity B is greater
    3. Quantity A equals Quantity B
    4. Relationship Indeterminate
    5. None of the above

    Sets, Relations and Functions

  4. Sets A and B have 3 and 6 elements each. What can be the minimum number of elements in AUB?

    (a) 3 (b) 6 (c) 9 (d) 18 (e) 24

  5. If the relation R: A -> B where A= {1,2,3} and B={1,3,5} is defined by
    R={ (x,y) : x < y , x Î A, y Î B }then
    (a) R= { ( 1,3), (1,5), (2,3), (2,5), (3,5) }
    (b) R= { ( 1,1), (1,5), (2,3), (3,5) }
    (c) R-1 = { ( 3,1), (5,1), (3,2), (5,3) }
    (d) R-1 = { ( 1,1), (5,1), (3,2), (5,3) }
    (e) None of these

  6. The functions f : R -> R is defined by

    F(x)= 12x + 5 if x > 1
    x – 4 if x £ 1

    Which of the following is false?
    (a) f (0) = -4 (b) f ( -½) = -9/2

    (c) f (3) = 41 (d) f (-5) = 9 (e) none of these

 

ANALYTICAL & REASONING ABILITY
In this section, each set of questions is based on a short passage or a set of conditions. Sometimes, in answering these questions, you might want to make a table or diagram. For each question, choose the best answer from the five choices listed.
 
  1. The electronic media is often accused of being willing to do anything for ratings. However, recent action by a television network indicates that the electronic media is sometimes guided by moral principles. This network has discovered, through polling voters, on the east coast that the candidate given the MP ticket had garnered enough votes to ensure victory before the polls closed on the west coast. However, the network withheld this information until the polls on the west coast closed so that the information would not affect the outcome of key electoral races.

    Which one of the following most strengthens the argument?
    1. The network had endorsed the MP candidate standing for the election.
    2. The network expected its ratings to increase if it predicted the winner of the elections, and to decrease if did not predict the winner.
    3. A rival network did predict a winner of the elections before the polls on the west coast closed.
    4. The network believed that it would receive higher ratings by not predicting the winner of the elections.
    5. The network feared that predicting the winner of the elections could so anger political party at the center that it might enact legislation preventing all future polling outside of voting centers.
  2. Staff members at the Delhi Detention Center (DDC) typically oversee (inmates) students' schedules and make all final decisions regarding the required activities in which students participate. Students are permitted, however, to make their own decisions regarding how they spend their free time. Therefore, students should be permitted to make their own decisions regarding the elective courses that they wish to take.

    The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?
    1. Decisions regarding required activities are more important than decisions regarding the elective courses that students take.
    2. Students are more willing to take elective courses than to participate in required Center activities.
    3. Required activities contribute more to the students' rehabilitation than do their free-time activities.
    4. Staff members at the DDC have found that elective courses are more beneficial for students than the available free-time activities.
    5. When compared for decision-making purposes, elective courses are more like free-time activities than required activities.
 
Passage for Questions 3 to 5

If a person is lost he will increase his vocabulary. In doing so he will increase his speaking and writing power.
 
  1. The argument is based on the assumption.
    (M) Strong vocabulary is important for writing and speaking.
    (N) People should read books containing unfamiliar words.
    (O) The books to be read should be entertaining
    1. M only
    2. N only
    3. M and N only
    4. N and O only
    5. M,N and O only
  2. Which one of the following would weaken the argument?
    1. Educated people can express their thoughts better.
    2. Only a well-read person can make proper use of the English language.
    3. The style of a person is coloured by the style of the authors he reads.
    4. Those who passed vocabulary tests could not write well.
    5. Entrance tests should be given for college admission.
  3. Which will strengthen the argument?
    (M). Slow readers cannot do well in competitive exams.
    (N). Every one must study English
    (O). In order to become a good lecturer in English one must increase one’s vocabulary.
    1. M only
    2. N only
    3. O only
    4. M and N only
    5. M, N and O only
 
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