Sample Graduate Aptitude Test Questions

VERBAL ABILITY
Sentence Completion:
Given below is a sentence with blanks, indicating that a part of the sentence is missing. The sentence is followed by five answer choices that consist of words. Select the answer choice that best completes the sentence.
 
  1. The purpose of the proposed indemnity policy is to __________ the burden of medical costs, thereby removing what is for many people a major __________ medical care.
    1. augment… problem with
    2. eliminate…perquisite of
    3. ameliorate… study of
    4. assuage…impediment to
    5. clarify…explanation for
Analogy:
Given below is a pair of words separated by a colon and followed by five answer choices. Choose the pair of the words in the answer choices that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.
 
  1. EXCERPT : NOVEL ::
    1. CRITIQUE : PLAY
    2. REVIEW : MANUSCRIPT
    3. SWATCH : CLOTH
    4. FOREWORD : PREFACE
    5. RECITAL : PERFORMANCE
 
Reading Comprehension:
Here is a passage. At the end of the passage is a series of questions followed by answer choices. Read the passage carefully. Select the right answer to each question from the options provided. Answers are based on the contents of the passage or on what the author implies in the passage.
 
Passage for Questions 3 and 4:
Sociologists predicted this situation many years ago: “General prosperity in a country under a capitalist regime depends not on the amount of wealth within the country, but on its ability to dispose of its surplus wealth.” Hence when all countries are fully capitalized and there are fields for exploitation, no country will be able to dispose of its surplus wealth. The capitalist system will, automatically crack. Capitalism, therefore, contains within itself the seeds of it to replace the profit – making motive industry with the motive of service. Things are valuable in use, not merely in exchange as the capitalist thinks.

Socialism differs from Communism in that is a tendency not a body of dogmas. There is no authoritative statement of its ideals upon which all are agreed and it is possible for many who do not call themselves sociologists to sympathize with some of their principles. Whether under such conditions the theories can be put to practise is a policy of advocating the ownership and control of the means of production. It seeks to balance a rigid discipline in what affects the individual himself. It admits Mill’s distinction between self – seeking and other – regarding actions, but it claims that Mill’s miss – stated the problem by under estimating the part played by economists. The main aim of Socialism is the creation of equality, because it holds that liberty is not worth having without the security and equality it provides.
 
  1. It is possible to infer from the passage that capitalism may be eradicated
    1. when the exploited proletariat rise in revolt
    2. only if socialism is ushered in
    3. when global Capitalism reaches its saturation point
    4. when people become spiritually inclined
    5. when there are no desires
  2. 4. The postulate of Socialism as opposed to that of Capitalism is
    1. that all men must enjoy unbridled liberty
    2. individual happiness and social well-being must necessarily be mutually exclusive
    3. surplus wealth should be siphoned off in the form of increased wages for the working class
    4. production of all goods should serve the purpose of social utility
    5. all men should live in a state of bliss
 
Antonyms:
Given below is a word. Each word is followed by five words or phrases. Choose the word that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the word in capital letters. Since some of the questions require you to distinguish fine shades of meaning, be sure to consider all the choices before deciding which one is best.
 
  1. ADULATION :
    1. IGNORANCE
    2. UNCONCERN
    3. DISSUASION
    4. CONTEMPT
    5. PASSIVITY
 
QUANTITATIVE ABILITY
Discrete Quantitative:
This series consists of a set of problems. Each problem is followed by a set of five options. Read the problem carefully and select the most appropriate answer from among the options provided.
 
  1. In an examination, 70% students passed in Science and 65% passed in Social Studies. 27% of the students failed in both the subjects. If only 292 students passed in both the subjects, the total number of students appearing for the examination was
    1. 400
    2. 70
    3. 600
    4. 300
    5. None of the above
  2. In the college election a candidate secured 62% of the votes and was elected by a majority of 144 votes. The total number of votes polled is
    1. 500
    2. 600
    3. 300
    4. 200
    5. None of the above
 
Quantitative Comparison:
The following set of questions comprises two columns - column A and column B. Compare the two quantities indicated and answer the question that follows. The correct answer is one among the five options provided.

NOTE: Sometimes information about one or both quantities is centered above the two columns. If the same symbol appears in both columns, it represents the same thing each time.
 
  1. Quantity A = (9/13)2 Quantity B = (9/13)1/2
    1. Quantity A is greater
    2. Quantity B is greater
    3. Quantity A equals Quantity B
    4. Relationship Indeterminate
    5. None of the above
  2. Quantity A = (1/25)1/2 + (1/144)1/2 Quantity B = [(1/25) + (1/144)]1/2
    1. Quantity A is greater
    2. Quantity B is greater
    3. Quantity A equals Quantity B
    4. Relationship Indeterminate
    5. None of the above
  3. y2 + z2 = 34 and yz = 15
    Quantity A = y2 + 2yz + z2 Quantity B = (y + z)2
    1. Quantity A is greater
    2. Quantity B is greater
    3. Quantity A equals Quantity B
    4. Relationship Indeterminate
    5. None of the above

    Sets, Relations and Functions

  4. Two finite sets have ‘m’ and ‘n’ elements respectively. The total number of subsets of ‘m’ is 56 more than the total number of subsets of ‘n’. The values of ‘m’ and ‘n’are respectively,

    (a) 7,6 (b) 6,3 (c) 5,1 (d) 8,7 (e) 2,5

  5. Let L denote the set of all straight lines in a plane. Let a relation R be defined by
    a R b Û a ^ b for a,b Î L. The relation R is
    (a) reflexive
    (b) symmetric
    (c) transitive
    (d)equivalence
    (e)none of these

  6. If a function F is such that F ( 0 ) = 2, F (1) = 3 and F ( x + 2 ) = 2 F (x) – F ( x + 1 ) for x ³ 0, then F (5) is equal to

    (a) –7 (b) -3 (c) 17 (d) 13 (e) none of these

 
ANALYTICAL & REASONING ABILITY
In this section, each set of questions is based on a short passage or a set of conditions. Sometimes, in answering these questions, you might want to make a table or diagram. For each question, choose the best answer from the five choices listed.
 
Passage for Questions 1 and 2
As president of the National Association of Rubber Manufactures, I oppose government handouts to private businesses. But the present program of aid to the Rubber Industry must continue. This is not a handout but rather a system of moderate cash subsidies to enable our beleaguered industry to withstand the shocks of rising costs and high interest rates, and so continue to provide useful employment to thousands of Indian citizens.
 
  1. The major logical weakness of the argument above is the fact that -
    1. The speaker is arguing against his own personal interest.
    2. It makes no attempt to explain the ultimate causes of rising costs and high interest rates.
    3. It draws no meaningful distinction between handouts and subsidies.
    4. It does not explain the significance of the Widget Industry for the Indian economy as a whole.
    5. It offers no factual evidence to substantiate the claim that the rubber industry is in danger.
  2. Which of the following persons would be most likely to disagree with the conclusions reached in the above argument?
    1. The president of a medium-sized Rubber Manufacturing firm.
    2. The patentee of a new material designed to make the rubber obsolete.
    3. The district administrator charged with coordinating the Rubber Industry subsidy program.
    4. A government representative from a district containing several large rubber manufacturing plants.
    5. The president of the National Rubber Industry Employees’ Union.
 
Passage for Questions 3 to 5
An office manager must assign offices to six staff members. The available offices, numbered 1 to 6 consecutively, are arranged in a row, and are separated only by six-foot-high dividers. Therefore, voices, sounds, and cigarette smoke readily pass from each office to those on either side.

Priya’s work requires her to speak on the telephone frequently throughout the day.
Anand and Dev often talk to one another in their work, and prefer to have adjacent offices.
Sneha, the senior employee, is entitled to Office 5, which has the largest window.
Mridul needs silence in the office(s) adjacent to his own.
Naveen, Anand, and Rahul all smoke. Sneha is allergic to tobacco smoke and must have nonsmokers in the office(s) adjacent to her own.
Unless otherwise specified, all employees maintain silence while in their offices.
 
  1. The best employee to occupy the office furtherest from Dev would be
    1. Naveen
    2. Priya
    3. Sneha
    4. Rahul
    5. Anand
  2. The three employees who smoke should be placed on Offices
    1. 1, 2, and 3
    2. 1, 2, and 4
    3. 1, 2, and 6
    4. 2, 3, and 4
    5. 2, 3, and 6
  3. Which of the following events, occurring one month after the assignment of offices, would be most likely to lead to a request for a change in office assignment by one or more employees?
    1. Priya deciding that she needs silence in the office(s) adjacent to her own.
    2. Dev contracting laryngitis.
    3. Rahul giving up smoking.
    4. Naveen taking over the duties formerly assigned to Miss Braun.
    5. Sneha installing a noisy teletype machine in her office.